Alternate names/spellings: Planoudes

Dates: 1260 - 1305 (Dates are approximate. ) 

Maximos Planoudes (alias Maximus Planudes, Μάξιμος Πλανούδης), c. 1260–1330. Planoudes was a Byzantine Greek grammarian and theologian. Born in Nicomedia, he studied and taught in Constantinople. Through his translations from Greek into Latin, Planoudes helped to reintroduce Greek culture to Western Europe. He wrote a Greek grammar, scholia on several Greek writers, a biography of Aesop, and a translation of Aesop’s fables.